Archive for Draza Mihajlovic

Alipasin Most WW2 Refugee camp

Posted in Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on September 14, 2009 by visegrad92

During the Second World War,  Bosniaks from Eastern Bosnia fled towards Sarajevo  due to the genocide committed there by the Yugoslav Royalist Nazi- collaborationist army known popularly as the “Chetniks“(led by Draza Mihajlovic). Most of these Bosniak refugees or muhadziri as they were called in Bosnian, were located in Alipasin Most in Sarajevo. Some later moved to other towns such as Visoko, some as far as Bosanski Brod.  Those who choose to stay suffered  due to hunger,diseases,  lack of medicine and finally Allied bombardment in 1944. Among these refugees were many from Visegrad, who later moved to Visoko. Many stayed to live in Visoko.

Alipasin Most was bombed during Operation Ratweek (Nedjelja Pacova) in September 1944 in which major cities in the Balkans were bombarded including Split and Belgrade. It was a joint Allied – Partizan operation aimed at paralyzing the communication system in the Balkans so as to stop the retreating Nazi army from Greece. The Allies were aiming to bomb the railway station which is right next to the Alipasin Most refugee camp. Unfortunately, they bombarded the camp too. Ustasa propaganda jumped in and used this fact against the Allied forces and Partizans.

Two years ago, while preparing ground for a new building in Otoka, Sarajevo, workers came across human bones. It was later established that these were the remains of refugees who were killed in the Allied bombardment of Alipasin Most.

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Image: Aerial  picture of Alipasin Most bombardment 1944. Source unknown.

Video: Ustasa propaganda video, images of Alipasin Most can be seen after 1.35 min.

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Image: Isak Samokovlija, Bosnian Jewish doctor who helped and treated Bosniak refugees from Eastern Bosnia.

Popular Bosnian Jewish writer/doctor Isak Samokovlija, was transferred by the Ustasa (the Croat fascists) to Alipasin Most. Isak was born in Gorazde. He, like others, loved the Drina river. He shared the fate of the Bosniak refugees whom he treated in the camp as a doctor. Fortunately he survived the war and Holocaust.

I was born in Goražde (he writes in the autobiographical piece ‘Sun over the Drina,’ dating from 1947), in that small town in eastern Bosnia through which the magnificent and hot-tempered Drina flows. I spent almost my entire childhood on that river. The Drina is one of my most profound experiences. It enthralled me like some god-like, living creature. Its clear, magical, green coloration, full of sunshine, which poured into my soul every summer without fail in those years, filled me with a lifetime of serenity, purity, and wondrous power…I fell in love with the Drina. It was that same well-nigh incomprehensible love with which Klindžo, the hero of my story ‘Drina,’ loved it.

His Drina “fell sick” because of crimes on the river, spoiling all of his childhood memories and poisoning his life. As soon as the Ustaše came, they put Samokovlija in prison and then transferred him to a refugee camp that was located in Alipašin Most, near Sarajevo. He worked there as a doctor, torn away from his children. And, as a Jew, he lived in constant fear of the Ustaše.

Meša Selimović, Sjećanja: Memoarska proza. Beograd: Book-Marso, 2002, pp. 201-4., Duh Bosne, issue: Vol.2,No 4 / 2007 — ISAK SAMOKOVLIJA, Translated by John K. Cox © 2007 John K. Cox,

Anniversary of Draza’s capture 13.03.46

Posted in Uncategorized with tags , , , , on March 9, 2009 by visegrad92

The cover of DANI Magazine in 2005.

The cover of DANI Magazine in 2005.

*READ Marko Atilla Hoare’s article Adding insult to injury: Washington decorates a Nazi-collaborationist leader

Dragoljub “Draža” Mihailović, was a  general of the “Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland”   a royalist/nationalist Serbian collaborationist Axis militia movement during WWII.  The “Yugoslav Army in the Fatherland” is also known as the Chetnik movement. The Chetniks were responsible for Genocide in Eastern Bosnia in WWII. After Tito’s Partizans came to power in 1945, war criminal Draza Mihajlovic hid in the mountains in Eastern Bosnia. He was captured by Yugoslav Secret Agency OZNA on 13.03.1946.  On 15.07.1946 he was sentence to death for crimes against humanity. He was shot by a firing squad on 18. 07.1946.

Draža Mihajlović's infamous "Instrukcije" ("Instructions") of 1941, ordering the ethnic cleansing of Bosniaks, Croats, and others.

“The mission of our units is:

  1. The struggle for the freedom of all of our people under the scepter of His Majesty, the King Peter II;
  2. The creation of Greater Yugoslavia, and within it Greater Serbia, ethnically clean within the borders of Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Srem, Banat, and Bačka;
  3. The struggle for the incorporation into our social structure of those non-liberated Slovenian territories under Italy and Germany (Trieste, Gorica, Istria, and Kaernten), as well as Bulgaria and Northern Albania with Shkodra;
  4. The cleansing of all national minorities and anti-state elements from state territory;
  5. The creation of direct common borders between Serbia and Montenegro, as well as Serbia and Slovenia by cleansing the Bosniak population from Sandžak, and the Muslim and Croat populations from Bosnia and Herzegovina;
  6. The punishment of all Croats and Muslims who have mercilessly destroyed our people in these tragic days;
  7. The settlement of the areas cleansed of national minorities and anti-state elements by Serbs and Montenegrins (to be considered are poor, nationally patriotic, and honest families).

There may be no collaboration with the communists [Yugoslav Partisans], as they are fighting against the Dynasty and in favor of socialist revolution. Albanians, Bosniaks, and Ustaše are to be treated in accordance with their merit for the horrendous crimes against our population, i.e., they are to be turned over to the People’s Court. The Croats living on the territory under Italian occupation are to be treated based on their disposition at the given moment.”

Commander-in-Chief of the Yugoslavian Army Forces Draza Mihajlovic, preparing artillery to  shell Visegrad October 1943.

Commander-in-Chief of the Yugoslavian Army Forces Draza Mihajlovic, preparing artillery to shell Visegrad October 1943.


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