Archive for Holocaust

Jewish Community in Visegrad

Posted in Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , on January 6, 2013 by visegrad92

hram_visegrad

 

Image: The Synagogue in Visegrad, converted after WWII into the Fire-station.

The first Jews arrived in Visegrad at the beginning of the XIX century. According to “Bosnian Glasnik”, in 1908 there were 177 Jews living in Visegrad while in 1940 that number was around 110. Many after finishing their education moved to other towns like Sarajevo, Belgrade or Zagreb in search for jobs.

During the First World War, Visegrad was the center of many battles between Austro-Hungaria and Serbia. Most of the population had to seek refuge in Central Bosnia.

In 1905 the Jewish community built a new synagogue in Visegrad because the old one was decrepit.  During World War Two, when the Germans entered the town, the synagogue was ransacked and turned into a storage area and later a stable for horses.

The Germans did not stay long in the town and it was handed over to the Italians.

The Ustashas were not able to deport the Visegrad Jews since the Yugoslav Partizans disabled the railway tracks.

A large number of Visegrad Jews escaped from Visegrad towards Sandzak (Serbia) and Monte Negro while many joined the Partizans.

In October 1943, after the capitulation of Italy, Visegrad was overran by Serb Chetnik forces and the Bosniak population was massacred and forced to seek refuge in central Bosnia.

The town was retaken from the Chetniks by German forces in 1944 and the Gestapo arrested and deported the remaining Jews to Bergen-Belzen concentration camp. Altogether 46 Visegrad Jews were murdered in German concentration camps. 56 Visegrad Jews survived the war. These were survivors from the camps and Partizans. Most of them settled in Belgrade, Sarajevo, Zagreb as officers, officials and highly-qualified workers. Only the Romano family remained to live in Visegrad – the famous Avram Romano Mamic.

Source: Pinto, Avram. Jevreji Sarajeva i Bosne i Hercegovine, Veselin Maslesa, Sarajevo, 1987.

Marek Edelman 1919-2009

Posted in Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , on October 3, 2009 by visegrad92

edelman

R.I.P

“Europe has learned nothing since the Holocaust. Nothing has been done to stop the killing. What has happened in Bosnia is a posthumous triumph for Hitler.”

(Marek Edelman, last surviving leader of the Warsaw Ghetto resistance fighters, speaking at a demonstration of Society for Threatened Peoples at Buchenwald in November 1993.)

We shall never forget!


Image source here.


Bosniaks saved Jews in Holocaust

Posted in Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , on June 11, 2009 by visegrad92
Photo of women and children in street together: A Muslim veiled woman, Zejneba Hardaga (right) and Jewish woman, Rivka Kalb (2nd from right) and her children are guided on the streets of Sarajevo in 1941. Zejneba covered the yellow star on the Rivka's left arm with her veil. Bahrija Hardasa, sister-in-law of Zejneba, is on the far left.

Photo of women and children in street together: A Muslim veiled woman, Zejneba Hardaga (right) and Jewish woman, Rivka Kalb (2nd from right) and her children are guided on the streets of Sarajevo in 1941. Zejneba covered the yellow star on the Rivka's left arm with her veil. Bahrija Hardasa, sister-in-law of Zejneba, is on the far left. Courtesy of Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, University of Minnesota.

Serb propagandist Bosnian genocide denial websites, oftenly publish lies about the role of Bosniaks in WW2. What they forget to mention is the role of Serbia’s puppet regime under Milan Nedic which was the first to proclaim itself  “Judenfrei” in Europe.

The National Library in Sarajevo, shelled and set on fire by Bosnian Serb Army, destroying over 2 million books. Luckily the Hagada was saved.

The National Library in Sarajevo, shelled and set on fire by Bosnian Serb Army, destroying over 2 million books. Luckily the Haggadah was saved.

Bosniaks saved the Haggadah twice!.  First in WW2 and in 1992  when the Bosnian Serb Army shelled the National Library in Sarajevo destroying millions of books in an aim to erase Bosnian culture.

Read a short article by Jacob Finci, the President of the Jewish Community in Sarajevo about the Haggadah:


Once again, it was saved in a mysterious way. The hero this time was Qr. Enver Imamovic, the director of the Museum, who, along with a couple of brave policemen and members of the territorial guard, took out the Haggadah from the Museum immediately at the front line and moved it to the vault of the National Bank.

During the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina several newspaper articles around the world speculated that the Haggadah had been destroyed or even that the Government of Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina sold it and used the funds to buy arms, which was all-an untruth. By 1995 Bosnia was no longer high on the agenda for media around the world. We were left to bleed and die, and the media went on to deal with other topics. Then an idea to bring back attention of the world to Sarajevo by using Haggadah was born. Senator Lieberman said: “I will come to Sarajevo for Passover if the Sarajevo Haggadah will be on the table”. President Izetbegovic and Prime Minister Silajdzic accepted the idea and the Haggadah was brought to the Jewish Community Building for the Passover of 1995 under massive security measures. The event was noted by all news agencies around the world and quite a few sent their reporters to Sarajevo especially for the occasion. The event was the “Breaking News” for CNN, but Senator Lieberman did not make it to Sarajevo because of the tight siege and the closing down of the airport.

(Source: Tourism Association of Sarajevo Canton)

CNAB Condemns Holocaust and Genocide Denial by Serb Delegates

Posted in Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , on May 16, 2009 by visegrad92
Congress of North American Bosniaks Condemns Holocaust and genocide denial by Bosnian Serb delegates

Congress of North American Bosniaks (CNAB) expresses regret that the initiative in Parliamentary Assembly of BiH to have January 27th declared as Holocaust Remembrance Day and July 11th, as Srebrenica Remembrance Day failed to obtain support from delegates from Bosnian Serb delegates from a smaller of the two entities in Bosnia, Republika Srpska (RS).

By rejecting this parliamentary initiative, RS delegates blocked Bosnia and Herzegovina from joining other European states that are commemorating January 27th.

CNAB is saddened by the fact that this rejection came only days after we celebrated May 9 Victory against fascism.

CNAB reiterates its strong condemnation of genocide and Holocaust denial.

CNAB

Bosniak MP Adem Huskić Marks Yom Hashoah

Posted in Uncategorized with tags , , , , on April 22, 2009 by visegrad92
Bosniak MP Adem Huskic

Bosniak MP Adem Huskic

Adem Huskić
House of Representatives, Member
Parliamentary Assembly of Bosnia and Herzegovina

On Tuesday 21st April 2009, we are commemorating Yom Hashoah, the Holocaust Remembrance Day. This date, 27. Nisan according to the Hebrew calendar, marks the anniversary of the 1943 Warsaw ghetto uprising.

I take this opportunity to honor the heroes of the 1943 Warsaw uprising, and also to remember that we still have to fight fascist ideology, so that this ideology will be defeated once and for all.

Although the fascist states have been defeated, fascism as an ideology has not. I sincerely hope that the Parliament of Bosnia and Herzegovina will find the courage to adopt legislation against Holocaust and genocide denial. And in that way, it would be a contribution to the fight against fascism.